Seller Concessions in 2023: The Ultimate Guide

Seller Concessions

Exploring Seller Concessions

A seller concession is an agreement where the seller of a property pays for certain costs on behalf of the buyer. This can include closing costs, prepaid expenses, and even down payments. The objective of seller concessions is to make the property more attractive to potential buyers by reducing their out-of-pocket expenses.

To better understand what seller concessions are, it is important to know the different types and how they can benefit both the buyer and the seller. In this guide, we will explore various aspects of seller concessions, including the maximum allowed by different loan types, how they affect appraisals, and their relation to mortgage terms.

Types of Loans and Their Maximum Seller Concessions

There are several types of loans with varying maximum seller concessions. Let’s take a look at some of the most common loan types and their respective limits:

  • FHA Loans: The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) allows max seller concessions for FHA loans of up to 6% of the sale price. More information about FHA loans can be found here.
  • Conventional Loans: For conventional loans, the max seller concessions depend on the down payment and occupancy type. For primary residences and second homes, concessions are limited to 3% for down payments of less than 10%, 6% for 10-25%, and 9% for 25% or more. For investment properties, the limit is 2% regardless of the down payment. Learn more about conventional loans here.
  • VA Loans: The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) allows max seller concessions for VA loans of up to 4% of the loan amount. This can include payment of the buyer’s funding fee. Click here for more information on VA loans.
  • USDA Loans: The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) allows max seller concessions for USDA loans of up to 6% of the sale price. Find out more about USDA loans here.

Using Seller Concessions for Repairs and Other Expenses

Seller concessions can be used for various purposes, including covering the cost of repairs. If a home inspection reveals necessary repairs, a buyer might request the seller cover the cost through a seller concession for repairs. Additionally, seller concessions can be applied toward closing costs, prepaid expenses, discount points, or other costs associated with the transaction. This can help reduce the financial burden on the buyer and make the home more affordable.

When negotiating seller concessions, keep the following tips in mind:

  1. Know the market: Understand the local real estate market conditions. In a seller’s market, where demand is high and inventory is low, sellers may be less likely to agree to concessions. Conversely, in a buyer’s market, sellers may be more willing to negotiate concessions to attract potential buyers.
  2. Be reasonable with your request: When asking for seller concessions, it’s essential to be reasonable and not ask for an excessive amount. If your request is too high, the seller may not take your offer seriously, or it could lead to a lengthy negotiation process.
  3. Work with an experienced real estate agent: A knowledgeable real estate agent can help you determine the appropriate amount for seller concessions based on comparable sales in the area and the specifics of the property you are interested in purchasing.
  4. Be prepared for a counteroffer: When requesting seller concessions, be prepared for the seller to counter your offer. It’s essential to remain flexible and open to negotiation to reach a mutually beneficial agreement.
  5. Stay within the lender’s guidelines: Be aware that some mortgage programs have limits on the amount of seller concessions allowed. Make sure your requested concessions stay within these guidelines to avoid issues with your financing.
Max Seller Concessions

A Deeper Dive into Seller Concessions

In this section, we’ll discuss some essential aspects of seller concessions, including the different types of loans and their respective maximum limits.

FHA Seller Concessions

FHA loans are popular among first-time homebuyers due to their low down payment requirements and lenient credit score guidelines. The FHA permits seller concessions of up to 6% of the sales price. These can be used for closing costs, prepaid expenses, discount points, and more. Be aware that FHA seller concession limits may change from year to year, so it’s essential to stay updated on the latest guidelines.

VA Seller Concessions

For veterans and active-duty service members, VA loans offer 100% financing with no down payment requirements. VA loans allow seller concessions of up to 4% of the sales price, plus reasonable and customary loan costs. Note that VA loan seller concessions have specific limits, so it’s crucial to understand them before moving forward.

USDA Seller Concessions

The USDA loan program is designed to help borrowers in rural areas purchase homes. USDA loans allow seller concessions of up to 6% of the sales price. As with other loan types, it’s essential to understand the USDA seller concessions limits and guidelines.

Conventional Seller Concessions

Conventional loans, which are not backed by the government, have their own set of guidelines for seller concessions. These loans follow the guidelines set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. Depending on the loan-to-value ratio and the borrower’s credit score, conventional loans allow seller concessions of 3% to 9% of the sales price. It’s essential to know the conventional seller concession limits for each situation.

How Seller Concessions Affect Appraisals and Negotiations

A critical aspect to consider when discussing seller concessions is their potential impact on home appraisals and negotiations. How do seller concessions affect an appraisal? In some cases, a high amount of seller concessions can result in a lower appraisal value. This is because the appraiser may see the concessions as an indication that the home is overpriced, leading to a lower valuation.

When negotiating, both buyers and sellers should be aware of the potential implications of seller concessions. For example, a seller may be more willing to accept a lower offer if they know the buyer is requesting concessions. On the other hand, a buyer may request concessions as a way to offset a higher sales price.

What Can Seller Concessions Be Used For?

As mentioned earlier, seller concessions can be used for various expenses associated with the home purchase. Some common uses include:

  • Closing costs
  • Prepaid expenses: These are costs that are paid in advance, such as homeowners insurance premiums or property taxes.
  • Origination fees: These are fees charged by the lender for processing, underwriting, and funding the loan.
  • Discount points: These are fees paid to the lender at closing to reduce the interest rate on the loan.
  • Title insurance: This insurance policy protects both the buyer and lender against defects in the title.
  • Home inspections: These are assessments of the property to identify any potential problems or defects.
  • Appraisal fees: These are fees paid to the appraiser who determines the value of the property.

It’s important to note that seller concessions cannot be used for down payments, as these funds must come from the buyer’s own resources.

Pros and Cons of Seller Concessions

There are both advantages and disadvantages to seller concessions, which vary depending on the specific situation and the parties involved.


  1. Assists the buyer: Seller concessions can help a buyer cover closing costs and other expenses, making it easier for them to afford the home purchase.
  2. More attractive to buyers: A seller offering concessions may attract more potential buyers, as the financial assistance can be an added incentive.
  3. Faster sale: Offering seller concessions may help a property sell more quickly, particularly in a competitive market.
  4. Negotiation tool: Concessions can be used as a bargaining chip during negotiations, allowing both parties to reach a satisfactory agreement.


  1. Reduced profit for the seller: Providing concessions means the seller may receive less money from the sale, which could impact their ability to purchase a new home or pay off their existing mortgage.
  2. Possible lower appraisal: As mentioned earlier, a high amount of seller concessions could lead to a lower appraisal value, potentially jeopardizing the sale.
  3. Higher sales price: Buyers may be willing to pay a higher price for a home if the seller offers concessions, but this could result in a higher mortgage payment for the buyer.
Seller Concession

Understanding Mortgage Types and Seller Concessions

Seller concessions can vary depending on the type of mortgage. Here’s a brief overview of the most common mortgage types and their respective rules regarding seller concessions:

  1. FHA loans: The Federal Housing Administration insures these loans, which have more lenient credit and down payment requirements. FHA loans allow for a maximum of 6% of the sales price in seller concessions.
  2. Conventional loans: These loans are not insured or guaranteed by the government and typically require a larger down payment and higher credit scores. Conventional loans follow guidelines set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, with seller concessions ranging from 3% to 9% of the sales price, depending on the down payment and occupancy status of the property.
  3. VA loans: These loans are available to eligible veterans and active-duty military personnel, with the Department of Veterans Affairs guaranteeing a portion of the loan. VA loans have no strict limit on seller concessions; however, they cannot exceed 4% of the sales price and can only cover specific costs.
  4. USDA loans: The United States Department of Agriculture guarantees these loans, which are available to eligible buyers in rural areas. USDA loans allow seller concessions of up to 6% of the sales price.

Tips for Negotiating Seller Concessions

When negotiating seller concessions, keep the following tips in mind to ensure a successful outcome:

  1. Be realistic: Understand the limits of seller concessions for your specific loan type and avoid asking for an excessive amount that could jeopardize the sale or result in a lower appraisal.
  2. Do your homework: Research the local real estate market and understand the average closing costs and other expenses associated with purchasing a home in your area. This information will help you make an informed request for seller concessions.
  3. Work with a real estate agent: A knowledgeable real estate agent can guide you through the negotiation process and provide valuable advice on how to approach seller concessions.
  4. Consider alternative options: If the seller is unwilling to provide concessions, consider other options such as a seller credit or a price reduction to offset some of the costs associated with the home purchase.

Expanding Your Knowledge of Mortgage Terms

If you’re looking to learn more about mortgage terms and the homebuying process, be sure to visit our Mortgage Terms page. This comprehensive resource covers a wide range of topics, from loan types and interest rates to credit scores and down payments, providing you with the information you need to make informed decisions throughout the homebuying journey.

Take the Next Step with Mortgage Rater

If you’re ready to take the next step toward homeownership and apply for a mortgage, Mortgage Rater is here to help. Our team of experienced loan officers will work with you to find the best mortgage solution for your specific needs. To get started, visit our loan application page and submit your information. We’ll guide you through the process, answering any questions you may have along the way, and help you secure the financing you need to purchase your dream home.

Mortgage Pre-Approval and Its Benefits

Before diving into the homebuying process, it’s a good idea to consider obtaining a mortgage pre-approval. A mortgage pre-approval is a preliminary assessment by a lender, which gives you an estimate of the mortgage amount you may qualify for based on your financial situation.

Some benefits of obtaining a mortgage pre-approval include:

  1. Home search efficiency: A pre-approval helps you focus on properties within your price range, making your home search more efficient and less time-consuming.
  2. Increased negotiating power: Sellers are more likely to take your offer seriously if you have a pre-approval, as it demonstrates your financial capability and commitment to the homebuying process.
  3. Faster closing process: With a pre-approval in hand, the mortgage underwriting process can be expedited, leading to a faster closing and a smoother overall homebuying experience.

First-Time Homebuyer Programs and Assistance

As a first-time homebuyer, you may be eligible for various programs and assistance options designed to make the homebuying process more accessible and affordable. Some popular first-time homebuyer programs include:

  1. FHA loans: As mentioned earlier, FHA loans are insured by the Federal Housing Administration and have more lenient credit and down payment requirements, making them a popular choice for first-time homebuyers.
  2. State and local first-time homebuyer programs: Many states and local governments offer programs specifically for first-time homebuyers, which can include down payment assistance, grants, or tax credits.
  3. HomeReady mortgage: This Fannie Mae-backed mortgage program is designed for low- to moderate-income borrowers and offers a low down payment option and flexible underwriting guidelines.
  4. Good Neighbor Next Door: This program, offered by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), provides significant discounts on homes for law enforcement officers, teachers, firefighters, and emergency medical technicians.
What Are Seller Concessions

Evaluating Your Mortgage Options

It’s important to carefully evaluate your mortgage options and choose the right one for your specific needs and financial situation. When comparing mortgage offers, be sure to consider:

  1. Interest rates: Compare the interest rates offered by different lenders, as even a small difference in the rate can have a significant impact on your monthly payment and the overall cost of the loan.
  2. Loan terms: Consider the length of the loan term, as shorter-term loans typically offer lower interest rates but higher monthly payments, while longer-term loans have lower monthly payments but higher overall interest costs.
  3. Closing costs and fees: Be sure to factor in closing costs and any additional fees when comparing mortgage offers, as these can vary significantly between lenders.
  4. Lender reputation and customer service: Research the reputation and customer service of potential lenders, as working with a responsive and reputable lender can make the mortgage process smoother and less stressful.

To find the best mortgage options for your specific needs, you can use our mortgage comparison tool. This easy-to-use resource allows you to input your financial information and compare multiple mortgage offers from different lenders, helping you make an informed decision about your home financing options.

Take the Next Step with Mortgage Rater

Now that you have a better understanding of seller concessions and how they can benefit you during the homebuying process, it’s time to take the next step. Mortgage Rater is here to help you navigate the mortgage process with confidence and ease.

Our team of experienced mortgage professionals is dedicated to providing you with the personalized support and guidance you need to make informed decisions about your home loan options. Start your journey to homeownership by applying for a loan with Mortgage Rater. We’re committed to helping you secure the best mortgage terms possible and making your dream of homeownership a reality.

For more information on mortgage terms and processes, be sure to visit our Mortgage Terms page to further expand your knowledge and prepare for a successful home buying experience.

Donavon Warren

Donavon Warren

Donavon Warren is a seasoned finance professional with over 20 years of experience. Before embarking into the mortgage industry Donavon attended UCLA. He is the owner of Mortgage Rater, a leading mortgage finance company that offers a range of informational services to clients across the United States. As a finance and mortgage author, Donavon brings his wealth of knowledge and experience to the platform, writing about various topics related to personal finance, investments, home loans, FHA loans, VA loans, 30 Year Fixed rates, no-interest loans, mortgages and more. With his insights and expertise, he aims to educate and empower readers to make informed financial decisions that can help them achieve their financial and mortgage goals. NMLS#2470202
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